Lake Superior is surrounded by Ontario and Minnesota to the north and Wisconsin and Michigan in the south and is the largest of the Great Lakes. It is the world’s second largest lake and the world’s largest freshwater lake. Lake Superior has a surface area of 31,700 square miles and a maximum depth of 1,332 feet. Lake Superior features many scenic areas including The Apostle Islands, Isle Royale National Park, Lake Superior Provincial Park, Grand Island National Recreation Area, and Pictured Rocks National Lakeshore.
Lake Superior is also known as a great Salmon and Trout fishery. Chinook Salmon, Coho Salmon, and Pink Salmon are all abundant in Lake Superior. Water flows into Lake Superior from many small rivers and streams providing great fishing for shore anglers. Fishing on the St. Mary’s river for Salmon is usually excellent in the fall. Trout fishing on Lake Superior is also strong for Rainbow Trout, Brown Trout, Steelhead Trout, and Lake Trout.
Lake Superior is located on the northern edge of Wisconsin and stretches through the upper peninsula of Michigan. It’s bounded by Ontario to the north and by the eastern edge of Minnesota to the west.
The weather around Lake Superior is generally moderate throughout the year, though, like the other Great Lakes, it’s also prone to the lake effect snow.
The lake’s water temperature is 4.4°C which is lower compared to other Great Lakes because it is located in the southernmost part of the area. During summer, the average water temperature is about 12°C with a record high of 20.4°C in August of 2010.
During winter, more than half of the lake is covered in ice on average. The last time the entire lake’s surface was frozen was in 2014, although all of the Great Lakes were about 91% covered in ice that year.
History and Formation
The lake’s name came from the French word lac supérieur, meaning upper lake. In the 1760s, after the French and Indian War, the Lake’s name was anglicized to Superior, following the account of it being the superior one in terms of size to any of the lakes in the continent, which still holds true to the day and not just in the country but around the world.
People have been known to exist in Lake Superior’s region 10,000 years ago just after the retreat of the glaciers in the Last Ice age. The Plano people are the first ones who came to the region. They mostly used stone-tipped spears in hunting.
Around 500 B.C., the Laurel people of the region have started trading for metal and other goods with the other regions and by 1600s, a thousand people of Ojibway has started a village on Madelin Island.
More About Lake Superior
The lake is home to about 80 species of fish ranging from carps, trouts, salmon, and perch. Aside from fishes, it’s also the home of various plants such as the white pine and Flowering Rush. The basin is home to about 60 orchid species.
Isle Royale, the largest island in Lake Superior is also home to several lakes, of which also contains islands.
There are many scenic places on the Lake such as the Apostle Islands National Lakeshore, Isle Royale National Park, Porcupine Mountains Wilderness State Park, and Sleeping Giant (located in Ontario), just to name a few.
Lake Superior has numerous lodging choices for a relaxing sightseeing experience and there are also many fishing charters to guide you on a Lake Superior fishing experience of a lifetime.